Guatemala facts
    Guatemala facts
    Capital: Guatemala City
    Largest city: Guatemala City
    Population: 16 million
    Currency: Quetzal (GTQ)
    Official language: Spanish
    Highest point: Volcán Tajumulco
    Longest River: Motagua River
    GDP (PPP) Per capita: USD 5,200

Fun Guatemala facts
Originally named Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, Guatemala City was founded in 1776 to serve as the colonial capital of Spanish Central America, replacing Santiago (modern Antigua), which had been leveled by earthquakes in 1773.

    fun Guatemala facts
    The name "Guatemala" comes from the Nahuatl word Cuauhtēmallān ("place of many trees") Guatemala still has the largest protected tree reserves in all of Central America

    Interesting Guatemala facts
    The quetzal is the currency of Guatemala. It is named after the national bird of Guatemala, the Resplendent Quetzal. In ancient Mayan culture, the quetzal bird's tail feathers were used as currency.
    Interesting Guatemala facts
    Guatemala’s Lake Atitlán is the deepest lake in Central America, with a maximum depth of about 340 meters. It is also regarded as the most beautiful lake in the world, serving as the country’s most important national and international tourist attraction. Atitlán (meaning 'at the water'), a lake in the Guatemala highlands, is the deepest lake in Central America. Many explorers and poets, including Aldous Huxley, called it 'the most beautiful lake in the world'

    Interesting Guatemala facts
    National Anthem of Guatemala was written by José Joaquín Palma, a Cuban. In 1896 the government of Guatemala promoted a contest to select the lyrics for the National Anthem of Guatemala. The winning piece was entered anonymously by José Joaquín Palma. Not until 14 years later, in 1910, did he reveal that he was the author.
    Interesting Guatemala facts
    Guatemala's previous capital, Antigua is in the middle of three magnificient volcanoes - Agua (meaning 'water'), Fuego (meaning 'fire') and Acatenango.
    Interesting Guatemala facts
    Motagua River is the longest river in Guatemala. It measures approximately 250 miles. The river is a major transportation artery for coffee, bananas and other fruits that are raised in the valleys of the country’s eastern region.
    Interesting Guatemala facts
    Guatemalans are fond of a spicy stew called ‘topado,’ which is made by combining fish, coconut, banana and cilantro.
    Interesting Guatemala facts
    Guatemala and Myanmar produce most of the jade in the world, and its importance is visible in the National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology in the capital Guatemala City.

    Interesting Guatemala facts
    The Tikal National Park was the world’s first mixed UNESCO World Heritage Site. It holds within its border the Mayan ruins of Tikal, which comes alive in the evenings with Guatemala animals like the howler monkey.

    Interesting Guatemala facts
    Guatemala is the largest economy in Central America, with a GDP (PPP) per capita of US$5,200 (2016 est.)

    Interesting Guatemala facts
    Fiambre is a traditional Guatemalan dish that is prepared and eaten yearly to celebrate the Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos) and the All Saints Day (Día de Todos los Santos). It is a salad, served chilled, and may be made up from over 50 ingredients.
    Fun Guatemala Facts
    Top 10 cities of Guatemala (2015 est.)
    Guatemala City: 1.2 million
    Mixco: 500,000
    Villa Nueva: 420,000
    Petapa: 150,000
    San Juan Sacatepéquez: 140,000
    Quetzaltenango: 135,000
    Villa Canales: 130,000
    Escuintla: 110,500
    Chinautla: 100,000
    Chimaltenango: 90,000
    Interesting Guatemala facts
    The first capital of Guatemala was founded on the site of a Kakchikel-Maya city, now called Iximche, on Monday, July 25, 1524—the day of Saint James—and therefore named Ciudad de Santiago de los Caballeros de Goathemalan (City of Saint James of the Knights of Guatemala). Naturally, St. James became the patron saint of the city. After several Kaqchikel uprisings, the capital was moved to a more suitable site in the Valley of Almolonga (place of water) on November 22, 1527, and kept its original name. This new city was located on the site of present-day San Miguel Escobar, which is a neighborhood in the municipality of Ciudad Vieja. Guatemala's second capital was destroyed on September 11, 1541 by a devastating lahar from the Volcán de Agua. So, on March 10, 1543 the Spanish conquistadors founded present-day Antigua and named it Santiago de los Caballeros. For more than 200 years it served as the seat of the military governor of the Spanish colony of Guatemala, a large region that included almost all of present-day Central America and the southernmost State of Mexico: Chiapas. In 1566 King Felipe II of Spain gave it the title of "Muy Noble y Muy Leal" ("Very Noble and Very Loyal") After a series of earthquakes damaged much of Santiago de los Caballeros (now known as 'Antigua'), the Spanish Crown ordered, in 1776, the removal of the capital to a safer location, the Valley of the Shrine, where Guatemala City, the modern capital of Guatemala, now stands. This new city did not retain its old name and was christened Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción (New Guatemala of the Assumption), and its patron saint is Our Lady of the Assumption. The badly damaged city of Santiago de los Caballeros was thereafter referred to as la Antigua Guatemala (the Old Guatemala).